I am writing this more for me than for you, this is by no means a full tutorial and you should not look for answers here. I am just an average Linux user who is still forced to live With windows on the same SSD as the other. I am logging the way I fixed my issue because I got the solution from telegram and it is kinda difficult to go there everytime Windows is a bad neighbor.
By the way, I am using UEFI, so go somewhere else if you are using BIOS
Booting from a Live USB 🛠
This is the obvious next step if you have dealt with this kinds of problems before, still I am typing it to make this at least a decent, ordered read. I am using an image with Void Linux XCFE, the first thing I did was go into the terminal and become root. I accomplished it by using
su and typing the password, which in Void is
Mount your Linux partition
After doing that you have to mount your partition, firs run
fdisk -l and look for the partition that contains Linux in it. In my case, that partition is usually
/dev/sdX5 where X is usually
b depending on my boot order and that kind of stuff. So, to mount it in the
/mnt folder, I do:
# mount /dev/sdX5 /mnt
Mount EFI Partition
After that, I need to mount the partition that contains the EFI System, in this case, that partition is usually
/dev/sdX2. It is important to always check
lsblk though, just in case something you had deleted some partition or renamed something.
# mount /dev/sdX2 /mnt/boot/efi
Run this weird command
I have to do a couple of commands, first of all:
# for i in dev sys run proc; do mount -v --rbind /$i /mnt/$i; done
I am not exactly sure of what happens exactly, but if you try to do the next steps, you will end up failing to install GRUB or rEFInd because they cannot see the folder where the EFI System is (or something like that, I am not sure). Now we are ready to chroot and do the final step.
Chrooting into your Linux system
Now you execute this command:
# chroot /mnt
Now your interface might not change at all, but by doing
ls, or running a command not available in the Live USB, like
neofetch, you can know that you are inside of your Linux, and access all of those folders and programs.
Do a quick
ls /boot/efi and check if the folders there match with your system (there is usually a
void-grub folder or something like that).
Now that you know everything is where it should, it is time to install grub once again. Reminder: this guide is more for personal use than anything, there might be some utilities like
grub-prober or whatever that I already had installed and you don’t, nonetheless if thats the case, following this guide should fail without doing any major harm. Run:
# grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot/efi --bootloader-id=GRUB --recheck
Remember that all this time, you were chrooted in
/mnt which is your SSD’s root partition.
Using rEFInd instead 🛑
I have followed these steps many times, and I always install grub, however, after booting I end up doing
refind-install to get rEFInd back, I believe that I could just run it on the Live Environment, I just always end up forgetting about it.
Reboot, and check whats is up 🔃
This method has not failed me up until the couple of times I have had to check telegram to remember these commands. I remind you that this might not work for you but if nothing else did,
you can always give it a try.
In my case, I am typing this from Linux, so I survived, and I hope you do too. # Finishing thoughts 💭
So yeah, Windows ends up being terrible with its updates, I really needed to do this little guide once and for all. I hope it helped you or at least entertained you or I have no idea of why you would be reading a guide about something that still has not happened to you.
Anyways. this was my 10th blog for #100DaystoOffload, I it serves you well, since it did for me.